Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet)

Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)


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Polyethylene Terephthalate commonly abbreviated PET is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers; beverage, food and other liquid containers; thermoforming applications; and engineering resins often in combination with glass fiber. The majority of the world’s PET production is for synthetic fibers (in excess of 60%) with bottle production accounting for around 30% of global demand. In discussing textile applications, PET is generally referred to as simply “polyester” while “PET” is used most often to refer to packaging applications. The polyester industry makes up about 18% of world polymer production. You can get more information about PET at www.worldofplastic.net


British chemists, John Rex Whinfield and James Tennant Dickson, employees of the Calico Printer’s Association of Manchester, patented “polyethylene terephthalate” in 1941, after advancing the early research of Wallace Carothers. PET has good barrier properties against oxygen and carbon dioxide. Therefore, it is utilized in bottles for mineral water. Other applications include food trays for oven use, roasting bags, audio/video tapes as well as mechanical components. PET exists both as an amorphous (transparent) and as a semi-crystalline (opaque and white) thermoplastic material. It is widely known in the form of biaxially oriented and thermally stabilised films usually referred to by their main brand names Mylar, Melinex or Hostaphan. These names should be used only for this type of film whose properties are different from, and in several respects superior to, those of ordinary polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film. These Mylar films are used for capacitators, graphics, film base and recording tapes etc. PET is also used for fibres for a very wide range of textile and industrial uses.


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Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)